On October 30, 2019, Facebook arrived at a settlement with the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) under which it consented to pay (without confirmation of obligation) the £500,000 fine forced by the ICO in 2018 in connection to the handling and sharing of its clients’ personal data with Cambridge Analytica.
The ICO gave its Monetary Penalty Notice (“MPN”) against Facebook on October 24, 2018, after an examination concerning the utilization of information investigation in political campaigns. The ICO discovered that individual information of up to 87 million of Facebook’s worldwide clients had been gathered by the “This Is Your Digital Life” application, conveyed on the Facebook stage, and imparted to a few outsiders, including SCL Elections Limited (the parent organization of Cambridge Analytica). The fine of £500,000 was the most extreme accessible under the Data Protection Act 1998.
Facebook bid the fine to the First-level Tribunal (General Regulatory Chamber) (the “Court”) in the UK in November 2018, asserting “inclination, pre-assurance and procedural inconsistency. ” In June 2019, at a fundamental hearing, the Tribunal decided that in light of the current situation, it would think about Facebook’s claims of procedural bias as a major aspect of the appeal itself, as opposed to following the typical course of directing an appeal by method for rehearing as a way to repair any supposed procedural abnormality. The Tribunal portrayed “the supposed predisposition and pre-assurance argued by counsel for this situation… (as falling) into the most genuine of classifications.” According to the ICO, the Tribunal additionally required the ICO to unveil materials identifying with its basic decision-making process concerning the MPN. The ICO appealed the Tribunal’s fundamental ruling.
Under the settlement, the two entities have consented to pull back their relative appeals. In spite of consenting to pay the fine (which will be paid into the UK Treasury’s united store), Facebook made no affirmation of obligation with respect to the MPN. In an announcement gave following the settlement, Facebook stated: “We are satisfied to have arrived at a settlement with the ICO. As we have said previously, we wish we had accomplished more to explore asserts about Cambridge Analytica in 2015. We rolled out significant improvements to our foundation in those days, essentially limiting the data which application engineers could get to… The ICO has expressed that it has not found proof that the information of Facebook clients in the EU was moved to Cambridge Analytica by Dr. Kogan. In any case, we anticipate proceeding to help out the ICO’s more extensive and continuous examination concerning the utilization of data analytics for political purposes.”
The ICO expressed: “Assurance of individual data and individual protection is of principal significance, for the privileges of people, yet in addition as we currently know, for the conservation of a solid democracy. We are satisfied to hear that Facebook has taken, and will keep on taking, fundamentally strong steps to consent to the key standards of data protection. With this solid pledge to securing individuals’ personal data and its protection, we expect that Facebook will have the option to push ahead and take this as a stepping stone from the occasions of this case.”